Offical Qualified Catalonian DO only occupies a small mountainous region located to the west of the province of Tarragona. Within its 1,900 hectares of vineyards, the most representative grapes ready to produce wines are Grenache and Carignan. The annual production of this QDO is 2 million bottles, developing in the area an estimative of 618 growers and 98 wineries. Porrera and Gratallops are the main towns; 45% of the total production is destined for export.
The DO Alella has a very small production, 560 hectares of vineyards located in 18 municipalities in the north of the province of Barcelona. The town of Alella is the main production center. The mild climate and low rainfall recorded therein favors the cultivation of White Pansa, the Xarel • lo or Grenache. All white grapes are produced in different forms: dry wines, semi-dry or fruity aroma with moderate alcohol. It also produced in smaller quantity, red wines from Ull de Llebre and Cava. The QDO has about 137 growers and there are only 6 producers, which sold 800,000 liters of wine.
The QDO is divided into two areas in the province of Girona: Lower Empordà and Alt Emporda. The winery “Celler de Mas Llunes” de Garriguella belongs to the latter region and it is our producer. The most distinctive grapes here are, for red wines: Grenache, Samson, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. For white wines there are Macabeu white Grenache and Chardonnay. The DO Empordà has 360 growers and 49 wineries, with an annual production of about 5.4 million liters of wine and 20% of those who were destined for international markets.
We are talking about the largest QDO in Catalonia, with more than 26,000 hectares of vineyards between the provinces of Tarragona and Barcelona and Vilafranca del Penedès is the capital. 4088 winegrowers, 152 wineries and an annual average production of 32 million of liters, and 35% of production are exported. The main white grape varieties are Xarel•lo, Macabeu, Parellada and Chardonnay. For red wines we are using the Ull de Llebre, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Carignan.
An extension of 500 hectares of vineyards in the region of Bages (Barcelona) where Artes and Manresa are the main centers of wine production. The most representative grapes are Picapoll, Macabeu and Chardonnay talking about white wines. Talking about red wines, they use the indigenous varieties of Black Picapoll, Sumoll and Mandó. Other varieties that are grown in the region are Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Grenache, Ull de Llebre and Syrah. In the QDO there are about 100 growers and 10 wineries that produce an annual average of about 1.2 million bottles consumed 85% in the domestic market.
Conca de Barberà has Almost 4,200 hectares of vineyards in the north of the province of Tarragona, bordering Lleida on the west, and Montblanc is the capital. The production area is nestled in a basin or depression, with a very special geo climatic space for growing grapes. Trepat grape variety in this territory represents 90% of world production, of which 8,500 hectoliters are prepared by the QDO and with its 22 wineries they are able to produce 1.2 million of bottles. The grapes are typical Trepat in red and rosé wines, and Macabeu and Parellada in whites and sparkling wines with low alcohol content, a delicate fruity aromas and light acidity.
Between the river Ebro and the Matarraña, the Pandols coastal mountain, Horses and the Ports, are chairing the spectacular typical landscape of the Mediterranean interior, and this is where the Terra Alta DO belongs. The vines are grown on natural terraces, with several slopes (slopes and plains). The cultivation soil, with good draining and variable depth, is rich in limestone and very poor in organic matter. The climate is dry Mediterranean, but with a strong continental influence. While the rains are not very frequent, it is notably the role of prevailing winds: the Sers and Garbinada. The ‘Mediterranean-ness’ of their terroir, the predominance of traditional grape varieties and the importance of good Grenache define their particular personality. That is why this DO has a distinctive watermark: the “Terra Alta White Grenache.” Over 6,000 hectares and 1,400 grape growers enrolled in Terra Alta are made white, pink, red and up to four types of fortified wines (sweet white wine, sweet red wine, mellow and naturally sweet wine).
Denomination of Origin “Costers del Segre” holds 4153 hectares of vineyards, located in the middle basin of the river Segre, between the Pyrenees and the Ebro. The weather of this land is dry; its area remains distant from the maritime influence, growing in a landscape full of sunshine and high aridity, little rain and soft and persistent moisture resulting from continuous fogs of winter. In the Regulatory Council are registered 601 wineries and 40 companies trading an average of 17 million liters of wine per year.
Its “dry and interior weather” nature has maintained its wines away from the most popular routes of commercialization. The product obtained is a wine with very characteristic traits as a result of new grape varieties and production methods. Costers del Segre is, in fact, the first DO in Catalonia to use varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay along with local varieties, and where they adopt the Californian winemaking techniques.